statcounter

Wednesday, January 17, 2018

Bolivia, the US and MS 13

2018 brings us a whole new era in US history. The presidency of Donald J. Trump, and the vicious attacks his critics make on him every day. No doubt he has his faults. But he is not the monster that
the left wing extremists in the US make him out to be.
For instance, one of his first acts was to sign legislation in support of gay rights. Then he gave away his entire pay on each pay day to a charity. No one ever reported it, they were too busy reporting hearsay and slander.
Last week a rogue senator, one who has been contradicted by witnesses, accused Trump of calling many nations 's--thole countries'. As a matter of fact, some nations deserve that statement. Think of
the human rights abuses and religious persecution in so many.
Many try to instigate the Latin community against Trump; but it does not work. As soon as Mexicans
complain about the wall, Guatemalans, Salvadoreans and others complain about Mexico - which does not take refugees kindly. But which sends its criminals to the US. Trump has support among many Guatemalans and Salvadoreans.
Bolivians tend to keep an open mind, at this moment there is not a lot of interaction between Trump and Morales. The enemies of Bolivia and the US will try to keep it that way, or try to keep up the hysteria that Trump is a nazi. Idiotas! Much of his family is Jewish. He has black and Latin support, gay and Moslem support.
Whatever his faults, some of them could be private faults and not anybody's business, he has aided the US economy and people want him to build the wall; some have even already built a wall, as Texans could not wait for the White House to act, they had to build a 131 mile wall between El Paso and Texas. As soon as it was up, rape and murder went down.
And what with many rapes and murders committed by MS 13, it was a good idea.
MS 13 is not just coming to the US; it has its hands in South America, especially Brazil, and has branched out to the Philippines. Bolivia has wisely kept them out, or at least at a minimum. MS 13 are satan worshippers, some of them tied to Chinese intel bent on destroying El Salvador for its stance on human rights; it was the only nation to support Tibet in the UN.
But while Trump has MS 13 to deal with, he is reaching out positively to the Latin community. Which makes the left mad, so the spread lies about him. One does not have to like him - there are many things I do not - but one needs to at least be honest.
Trump is a powerful ally, or a powerful enemy. While he does not murder and torture people, leave that to MS 13 and some Mexican gangs which afflict other Mexicans - he can make the stupid, lying journalists look like the fools that they are.
Better to have him as a friend, in which case, he can create a lot of good.
There is a joke that Mexico is trying to get on his good side - because they want him to build a wall to keep out Guatemalans and Salvadoreans. Es broma, nada mas.
But in reality, many Latin leaders are sensing the real Donald from the bad hype. So let me make a prediction here: that Trump will be working closely with many Latin nations, including Bolivia, and that MS 13 and the terror gangs that sell drugs and kill Latin people will be his greatest enemy. In which case, Trump and Morales  and other Latin leaders will have a common enemy. Even if they are not best friends, I expect Morales and Trump to be on good terms later this year.

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Puma Punku

While most people know about the Pyramids, and wonder how they could have been built, few in the US have any knowledge about Puma Punku, built around 536 AD. Some of the stones in this  mysterious structure weigh over 100 tons, and have remarkable precision in the carving. Who did this?
No one seems to know. Linda Stasi of the New York Daily News is on her way to the jungles of Bolivia to find out. The site is 12,800 above sea level, so the mystery of how these stones got to such an elevation is indeed deep.
But of course some say it's simple. Aliens.
Illegal of course. That way they did not have to be paid much!


See below what Wiki has to say:

Pumapunku or Puma Punku (Aymara and Quechua puma cougar, puma, punku door, Hispanicized Puma Puncu) is part of a large temple complex or monument group that is part of the Tiwanaku Site near Tiwanaku, in western Bolivia. It is believed to date to 536AD and later.
Tiwanaku is significant in Inca traditions because it is believed to be the site where the world was created. In Aymara, Puma Punku's name means "The Door of the Puma". The Pumapunku complex consists of an unwalled western court, a central unwalled esplanade, a terraced platform mound that is faced with stone, and a walled eastern court.
The Pumapunku is a terraced earthen mound that is faced with blocks. It is 167.36 metres (549.1 feet) wide along its north–south axis and 116.7 metres (383 feet) long along its east–west axis. On the northeast and southeast corners of the Pumapunku, it has 20-metre (66-foot) wide projections that extend 27.6 metres (91 feet) north and south from the rectangular mound.
The eastern edge of the Pumapunku is occupied by what is called the Plataforma Lítica.. This structure consists of a stone terrace that is 6.75 by 38.72 metres (22.1 by 127.0 feet) in dimension. This terrace is paved with multiple, enormous stone blocks. It contains the largest stone slab found in both the Pumapunku and Tiwanaku Site, measuring 7.81 metres (25.6 feet) long, 5.17 metres (17.0 feet) wide and averages 1.07 m (3 ft 6 in) thick. Based upon the specific gravity of the red sandstone from which it was carved, this stone slab has been estimated to weigh 131 metric tons.
The other stonework and facing of the Pumapunku consists of a mixture of andesite and red sandstone. The core of the Pumapunku consists of clay. The fill underlying selected parts of the edge of the Pumapunku consists of river sand and cobbles instead of clay. Excavations at the Pumapunku have documented "three major building epochs, in addition to small repairs and remodeling"
At its peak, Pumapunku is thought to have been "unimaginably wondrous," adorned with polished metal plaques, brightly colored ceramic and fabric ornamentation, and visited by costumed citizens, elaborately dressed priests, and elites decked in exotic jewelry. Current understanding of this complex is limited due to its age, the lack of a written record, and the current deteriorated state of the structures due to treasure hunting, looting, stone mining for building stone and railroad ballast, and natural weathering.
The area within the kilometer separating the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes has been surveyed using ground-penetrating radar, magnetometry, induced electrical conductivity, and magnetic susceptibility. The geophysical data collected from these surveys and excavations have revealed the presence of numerous man-made structures in the area between the Pumapunku and Kalasasaya complexes. These structures include the wall foundations of buildings and compounds, water conduits, pool-like features, revetments, terraces, residential compounds, and widespread gravel pavements, all of which now lie buried and hidden beneath the modern ground’s surface.
Researchers have worked to determine the age of the Pumapunku complex since the discovery of the Tiwanaku site. As noted by Andean specialist, W. H. Isbell, professor at Binghamton University, a radiocarbon date was obtained by Vranich from organic material from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill forming the Pumapunku. This layer was deposited during the first of three construction epochs and dates the initial construction of the Pumapunku to 536–600 AD (1510 ±25 B.P. C14, calibrated date). Since the radiocarbon date came from the lowermost and oldest layer of mound-fill underlying the andesite and sandstone stonework, the stonework must have been constructed sometime after 536–600 AD. The excavation trenches of Vranich show that the clay, sand, and gravel fill of the Pumapunku complex lie directly on the sterile middle Pleistocene sediments. These excavation trenches also demonstrated the lack of any pre-Andean Middle Horizon cultural deposits within the area of the Tiwanaku Site adjacent to the Pumapunku complex.

Detail of stone with precisely cut straight line and tooled holes within the line
An example of high-precision small holes
Stone block with a set of blind holes of complex shape
The largest of these stone blocks is 7.81 meters long, 5.17 meters wide, averages 1.07 meters thick, and is estimated to weigh about 131 metric tons. The second largest stone block found within the Pumapunku is 7.90 metres (25.9 feet) long, 2.50 metres (8 feet 2 inches) wide, and averages 1.86 metres (6 feet 1 inch) thick. Its weight has been estimated to be 85.21 metric tons. Both of these stone blocks are part of the Plataforma Lítica and composed of red sandstone.[5] Based upon detailed petrographic and chemical analyses of samples from both individual stones and known quarry sites, archaeologists concluded that these and other red sandstone blocks were transported up a steep incline from a quarry near Lake Titicaca roughly 10 kilometres (6.2 miles) away. Smaller andesite blocks that were used for stone facing and carvings came from quarries within the Copacabana Peninsula about 90 kilometres (56 miles) away from and across Lake Titicaca from the Pumapunku and the rest of the Tiwanaku Site.
Archaeologists argue that the transport of these stones was accomplished by the large labor force of ancient Tiwanaku. Several theories have been proposed as to how this labor force transported the stones, although these theories remain speculative. Two of the more common proposals involve the use of llama skin ropes and the use of ramps and inclined planes.
In assembling the walls of Pumapunku, each stone was finely cut to interlock with the surrounding stones. The blocks were fit together like a puzzle, forming load-bearing joints without the use of mortar. One common engineering technique involves cutting the top of the lower stone at a certain angle, and placing another stone on top of it which was cut at the same angle.The precision with which these angles have been utilized to create flush joints is indicative of a highly sophisticated knowledge of stone-cutting and a thorough understanding of descriptive geometry. Many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones.Much of the masonry is characterized by accurately cut rectilinear blocks of such uniformity that they could be interchanged for one another while maintaining a level surface and even joints. However, the blocks do not have the same dimensions, although they are close.The blocks were so precisely cut as to suggest the possibility of prefabrication and mass production, technologies far in advance of the Tiwanaku’s Inca successors hundreds of years later. Some of the stones are in an unfinished state, showing some of the techniques used to shape them. They were initially pounded by stone hammers—which can still be found in numbers on local andesite quarries—, creating depressions, and then slowly ground and polished with flat stones and sand.
Tiwanaku engineers were also adept at developing a civic infrastructure at this complex, constructing functional irrigation systems, hydraulic mechanisms, and waterproof sewage lines.
Puma Punku was a large earthen platform mound with three levels of stone retaining walls.Its layout is thought to have resembled a square. To sustain the weight of these massive structures, Tiwanaku architects were meticulous in creating foundations, often fitting stones directly to bedrock or digging precise trenches and carefully filling them with layered sedimentary stones to support large stone blocks.Modern day engineers argue that the base of the Pumapunku temple was constructed using a technique called layering and depositing. By alternating layers of sand from the interior and layers of composite from the exterior, the fills would overlap each other at the joints, essentially grading the contact points to create a sturdy base.
Notable features at Pumapunku are I-shaped architectural cramps, which are composed of a unique copper-arsenic-nickel bronze alloy. These I-shaped cramps were also used on a section of canal found at the base of the Akapana pyramid at Tiwanaku. These cramps were used to hold the blocks comprising the walls and bottom of stone-lined canals that drain sunken courts. I-cramps of unknown composition were used to hold together the massive slabs that formed Pumapunku's four large platforms. In the south canal of the Pumapunku, the I-shaped cramps were cast in place. In sharp contrast, the cramps used at the Akapana canal were fashioned by the cold hammering of copper-arsenic-nickel bronze ingots. The unique copper-arsenic-nickel bronze alloy is also found in metal artifacts within the region between Tiwanaku and San Pedro de Atacama during the late Middle Horizon around 600–900.
It is theorized[by whom?] the Pumapunku complex as well as its surrounding temples, the Akapana pyramid, Kalasasaya, Putuni, and Kerikala functioned as spiritual and ritual centers for the Tiwanaku. This area might have been viewed as the center of the Andean world, attracting pilgrims from far away to marvel in its beauty. These structures transformed the local landscape; Pumapunku was purposely integrated with Illimani mountain, a sacred peak that the Tiwanaku possibly believed to be home to the spirits of their dead. This area was believed to have existed between heaven and Earth. The spiritual significance and the sense of wonder would have been amplified into a "mind-altering and life-changing experience" through the use of hallucinogenic plants. Examinations of hair samples exhibit remnants of psychoactive substances in many mummies found in Tiwanaku culture from Northern Chile, even those of babies as young as one year of age, demonstrating the importance of these substances to the Tiwanaku.
As was characteristic of civilizations around this time, the Tiwanaku actively incorporated human sacrifice into their culture. The remains of dismembered bodies have been found throughout the area. Ceramic artifacts depict imagery of warriors, masked with puma skulls, decapitating their enemies and holding trophy skulls, and adorned with belts of human heads with their tongues torn out. It is believed that, because of certain markings on stones found at Puma Punku, the Gate of the Sun was originally part of Puma Punku.
The Tiwanaku civilization and the use of these temples appears to some to have peaked from 700 AD to 1000 AD, by which point the temples and surrounding area may have been home to some 400,000 people. An extensive infrastructure had been developed, including a complex irrigation system that extended more than 30 square miles (80 km2) to support cultivation of potatoes, quinoa, corn and other various crops. At its peak the Tiwanaku culture dominated the entire Lake Titicaca basin as well as portions of Bolivia and Chile.
This culture seems to have dissolved rather abruptly some time around 1000 AD, and researchers are still seeking answers as to why. A likely scenario involves rapid environmental change, possibly involving an extended drought. Unable to produce the massive crop yields necessary for their large population, the Tiwanaku are argued to have scattered into the local mountain ranges, only to disappear shortly thereafter. Puma Punku is thought to have been abandoned before it was finished.


Monday, March 20, 2017

Live longer in Bolivia

A New York Post article by Johnny Oleksienki in yesterday's paper (19 March 2017) , titled " 'Jungle diet' heart boost" tells people they live longer in Bolivia: "The secret to a stronger heart could be moving to Bolivia. Researchers have found that the Tsimane people who live in the forests of that country have the healthiest hearts in the world.
According to a study in the Lancet, few Tsimane people have clogged arteries, due largely to their ancient lifestyle. Their hunting, farming and gathering practices are much the same as they were thousands of years ago.
Seventy-two percent of their unusual diet is carbs, researchers say, while 17 percent is game meat, like pig, tapir and cabypara.


Monday, January 30, 2017

Meeting of Amigos de Bolivia in New York

Amigos de Bolivia is in its 9th year, which started off with a new member, Greg Purdy, a young political activist in Washington Heights. He likes the energy of Evo Morales, and wants to visit Bolivia soon. At present Greg is working on a weekend in the Dominican Republic, lots of Dominicanos here in the hood want him to see their island paradise, where he could practice his Spanish.
Naturally, a topic of conversation was the new Trump era in the US, and how the new State Department under Rex Tillerson will deal with Bolivia. We look forward to improved relations, and will compose a letter to Mr Tillerson to give him our support.
One thing that Greg wants to see instituted is a selective amnesty, modeled on the amnesty that Ronald Reagan gave to Latin immigrants in the '80s. It worked. Why the Bush 41, Clinton, Bush 43, and Obama did not make an amnesty is beyond words.
Greg is also supporting a Latin candidate for Mayor of New York, Daby Carreras. Earlier this month one of Greg's friends introduced a New York Times reporter to Daby, hopefully the paper will have access to his campaign. One issue with the new regime is that the press is getting shut out at times.
So we hope that our new member will be able to get his amnesty idea put forward and get it to the press so it will have the support it needs, along with positive press for Bolivia.


Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Donald Trump and Bolivia

Today Donald J. Trump became the 45th President of the United States. There are protests on 5th Avenue and some are turning violent, the Clinton crowd has set fires, blocked traffic for hours, smashed a newspaper office, it is out of control.

So I am sure Bolivia is watching the outcome and preparing for a new jefe in los EEUU. The former jefes were not good to Bolivia; Bush treated it with contempt and US spies and diplomats were expelled; Obama did much the same, insisting that Bolivia be treated as a drug dealing haven when in fact Bolivia got rid of lots of drug dealers as it got rid of the DEA, and Clinton, as Secretary of State, had little love for Bolivia.

The left has tried to scare people away from Trump, while hiding the truth about Clinton raping a woman, hanging our with child molesters, etc etc. It refused to hear the truth about Clinton either on Wikileaks or on the show www.dialectradio.co.uk - where a former navy intel op talked about secret deals in Syria, Jellyfish, and secret ops against Bolivia. Oh no, they did not have time to hear the truth. Instead,  the left spent time on hysterical propaganda and predicted massive market drops if he was elected. No such thing. Markets are fine. And they said Trump would divide.

In fact, when Trump won, he reached out. He called Obama and had a nice conversation, consoled Clinton, and told the American people it was time to heal. That is what made the left mad. They wanted him to act like a mad bully, instead, he acted presidential. They were proven wrong, and they are afraid Clinton might go to jail. And along with her, lots of evil American politicians, some of whom have mistreated Bolivia.

While I cannot say Bolivia is Mr Trump's #1 agenda, I do have some inside information  that Mr Trump is discussing how to really reach out to Bolivia. He has some respect for Evo Morales and the economic moves that Mr Morales has made, Trump is a businessman and knows the value of hard work. The fact that the Bolivian president works all day and has little sleep sometimes in order to improve his country is not lost on the Trump crew.

So expect better relations there. It will surprise the left in the US.

In a couple of weeks, the Bolivian Vice President, Alvaro Garcia Linera, will be in New York. While I cannot attend, I have good friends and founders of Amigos de Bolivia who will be at his talk at Columbia University, and they hope to reach out to him and perhaps bring the US and Bolivia closer together.

So far we have some good harbingers of this new era in American history. The president is NOT from the Yale elite (as are Bush and Clinton). He is NOT against minorities, though he did take a tough stance against ILLEGAL ALIENS - some of whom rape and murder people.

I am sure that Bolivia is against such crimes, and for economic development, as is Donald Trump and Amigos de Bolivia. We look forward to writing more about the future relationship between Mssrs. Trump and Morales. This could be the start of something really good for the whole world.



Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Facts about War on Drugs: Bolivia is winning, Colombia, thanks to the US, is losing

The United States constantly berates Evo Morales and insinuates that he is dealing drugs. However, the facts speak for themselves, and in the New York Times, 14 September, 2016, (editorial pages) we can read about how it is Colombia, where the US agencies are actives allegedly fighting drugs, that drugs are up 40% - while they are being eradicated in Bolivia. Obama needs to read the papers! And he might note the 11 September article in the front page of the NYT titled "U.S. Extradition Benefits Warlords from Colombia: Held to Account for Decades of Atrocities - Until the Americans Stepped In", by Deborah Spring. Below is the 14  September NYT article:

This week, the White House issued its yearly report on the nations on the front lines of the war on drugs. Predictably, it listed Bolivia as one of three countries that “failed demonstrably” to do enough to combat the drug trade. President Evo Morales of Bolivia responded, as he does each year, with defiance.
“The world knows that our counternarcotics model is better without the Americans,” Mr. Morales said during an event on Tuesday, alluding to his expulsion of American drug enforcement agents in 2008.
The yearly condemnation of Bolivia has been futile. So far, that country’s experience with its drug strategy is showing more promise than Washington’s forced-eradication model.

Over the past decade, the Bolivian government has sought to gradually curb the cultivation of coca — the plant processed to make cocaine — by establishing a tightly regulated market for its consumption as a nonnarcotic stimulant. (Bolivians have been chewing coca leaf and using it to make tea for generations.) The government eradicates unauthorized crops after negotiating with, and finding alternatives for, growers.
This approach, which has been supported and financed by the European Union, has shown significant results. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, coca leaf cultivation in Bolivia has declined each of the past five years. In its latest report, U.N.O.D.C. said Bolivia had roughly 20,200 hectares (about 78 square miles) of coca cultivation, a slight drop compared with the previous year.
These tactics have been hailed by scholars and some Western officials because they place a premium on the rights and needs of farmers in poor areas. Coca growers who have voluntarily registered with the government are given title for small parcels of land and are authorized to grow a limited amount. Mr. Morales, a former coca growers union leader, has played a hands-on role in negotiating the terms of this arrangement with unions and other local leaders.
This stands in stark contrast to the strategy the United States has long financed in the region — a combination of aerial herbicide spraying, manual eradication and the prosecution of drug kingpins in the United States. The inadequacy of this approach is most obvious in Colombia, which has been Washington’s closest ally in Latin America on counternarcotics.
Last year, coca cultivation in Colombia increased by nearly 40 percent compared with the previous year, according to U.N.O.D.C. The tough-on-crime approach has often exacerbated violence there. Colombia, however, did not get the “failed demonstrably” label. It may be time for Washington to drop that marker altogether and study the merits of innovative approaches, including Bolivia’s.

Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Escritura en la pared

A 16 August article in El Deber  - http://www.eldeber.com.bo/bolivia/vagabundo-boliviano-apoya-trump.html  - captured the graffiti art work of a homeless Bolivian who is writing that in Iran, there are no free elections, and that he is supporting Donald Trump in the US elections.
He is not the only Bolivian to support Trump, and far from being the only Latin American. Thousands of Bolivians in the state of Virginia, and all over the US, are rooting for El Donald. And so are Mexicans!
This week there is a Latins for Trump conference in the  US, but since the left wing media is ignoring it, it's as if it never  happened. And oh yes, there's Gays for Trump, Moslems for  Trump and African Americans for Trump - the latter you can see at www.brothers4trump.blogspot.com - a former US Army demo expert put that up tired of all the left wing jabs at a qualified candidate.

Trump would make much better relations with Bolivia than Bush, Obama or Clinton (show state department messed things up, and had some amount of support for the 2009 assassination attempt in Santa Cruz - don't think we don't know).

There is writing on the wall.